What is modern slavery?

Modern slavery is the severe exploitation of someone for commercial gain. It can include:

  • human trafficking – where someone facilitates or arranges the transport of another person for exploitation
  • forced labour – where someone is forced to work through coercion (threats)
  • serfdom – where someone is forced to work through coercion and lives on another’s property
  • bonded labour – where someone in poverty borrows money and is forced to work to pay off the debt
  • descent-based slavery – where slavery is ‘passed down’ through a family line
  • forced and early marriage – where someone is married against their will or is too young to consent to the marriage